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Massage Therapy

Identify, Evaluate and Research

 Resource Type


 Popular Magazine Article

 (online or in print)

  • Audience: nonprofessional; anyone
  • Appearance: glossy photos, many advertisements
  • Content: general interest articles, no reference lists, simple language
  • Authors: largely staff writers, often unknown
  • Examples: Sports Illustrated, Chatelaine, National Geographic, The Rolling Stone

 Scholarly, Peer Reviewed Journal   Article

 (online or in print)

  • Audience: professionals, researchers, academics
  • Appearance: no advertisements, plain, black & white
  • Content: original research, literature reviews, often contain abstracts, academic/professional language, often contain statistics, diagrams, long reference lists, peer-reviewed, academic affiliation
  • Authors: many authors, with many credentials and affiliations
  • Examples: Journal of Applied Research, Journal of Food Safety

 Trade Magazine/Journal Article

 (online or in print)

  • Audience: industry professionals, organization/association members
  • Appearance: glossy photos, most advertisements related to the industry
  • Content: current industry trends, new products or techniques, organizational news, articles may have short reference list, may contain professional jargon
  • Authors: industry professionals, organization/association members
  • Available online or in print
  • Examples: Advertising Age, Women’s Wear Daily, The Police Chief

 Website / Blog

 (online or in print)

  • Audience: varies
  • Content: varies
  • Authors: vary in credentials

 Government/Association   Publication/Information

 (online or in print)

  • Content: published and written by an association or a government, often includes country-specific data and statistics
  • Authors: government workers, association members
  • Examples: Health Canada, Statistics Canada, Ministry of Natural Resources, Registered Nurses Association of Ontario


 (online or in print)

  • Authors: vary in credentials
  • Content: Varies

 Newspaper Article

 (online or in print)

  • Audience: nonprofessional; anyone
  • Content: current, journalistic, simple language, no reference list
  • Authors: Writers/Journalists
  • Examples: Toronto Star, The Guardian, the New York Times



Activity #2: Evaluate this Resource! 

Do research on research!  Evaluate the articles given in the Google Doc below with your classmates answering the following CRAAP guidelines.. Expand, dispute OR add onto your classmates answers (but do not delete other classmates' work please!).