“The rule of law is a principle whereby the government and its officials along with all citizens, groups, businesses, and institutions, are subject to rules and regulations that are fair, just, and enforced uniformly. Laws must also be public and widely known. The rule of law is designed to ensure that everyone is treated equally regardless of their social or economic status, or their race, ethnicity, religion, gender, or sexual orientation. Democracies must embrace the rule of law to ensure justice and equality for their citizens” (Lansford, 2017, pg. 37-38).
Lansford, T. (2017). Justice, policing, and the rule of law. National Highlights Inc.
The role of judges is to protect the rights and freedoms guaranteed under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (Charter).
15. (1) Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability.
— Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Paciocco, D. M. (2010). Understanding the accusatorial system. Canadian Criminal Law Review, 14(3), 307-325.